Each of the seven planets in our solar system has its own unique astrological traits. The planets are also assigned to two groups in many types of astrology: benefic and malefic planets.
In the simplest terms, a benefic planet in your birth chart means “good” or positive influences and malefic, well, means “bad” and negative (or, as we prefer to say, challenging).
Benefic and malefic planets play a more prominent role in Vedic astrology and Greek mythology. In Western astrology, the influence of benefics and malefics are not considered as heavily, but they’re helpful to understanding your birth chart—and astrological transits—more fully.
In short, benefic planets have pleasant influences and malefic planets present difficulties to overcome.
Venus and Jupiter are considered to be benefics for their helpful and positive impact. Mars and Saturn are the two malefics, as their influence can bring intense and jarring events that cause more stress than ease.
Benefic planets: Venus and Jupiter
The benefic planets are said to bring good fortune.
Jupiter supports your good practices
Venus supports how you interact with others, your interpersonal relationships
Malefic planets: Mars and Saturn
The malefic planets are said to interfere with the benefic planets.
Mars represents tension and the downside of anything positive happening in your life
Saturn is the baggage you carry, a reminder of how heavy it can be as you walk through life
The moon and the Sun, while not technically planets, are also sometimes considered to be benefic.
Vedic astrology takes the benefics and malefics a step further and assigns them traits by your ascendant sign.